Glossaries

Term Main definition
arduin

Commonly known as bluestone, a Belgian limestone widely used in the Netherlands as slabs on a grave, also exported to the colonies.

Synonyms - blue-stone
banjoosten

Type of guards appointed by the Governor of Nagasaki.

Batavia

Present-day Jakarta, headquarters of the VOC in Asia.

bootsman

Boatswain. Petty Officer or deck boss, supervised the standing and running rigging of the ship, especially that of the mainmast. The boatman had the boatman's mate and all the sailors under him.

burger

Free citizen, person not employed by the Company who, with the Company's permission, settled on Company territory, usually ex-servants; in the 19th century also: descendants of these free citizens, in particular 'Dutch Burghers'. They sometimes owned their own ships to trade themselves. Also called freemen in plural.

dagboeken

Also dagregisters. Diary or register in which the most important events were kept by the chief factor.

Synonyms - dagregisters
factorij

Trading post. Factories were then established by chartered companies such as the Dutch East India Company (VOC), founded in 1602, and the Dutch West India Company (WIC), founded in 1621. These factories provided for the exchange of products among European companies, local populations, and the colonies that often started as a factory with warehouses. Usually these factories had larger warehouses to fit the products resulting from the increasing agricultural development of colonies, which were boosted in the New World by the Atlantic slave trade.

Synonyms - comptoir,factory
fiscaal

Can be compared to the current public prosecutor.

opperhoofd

Chief factor or chief merchant and supervisor of al the staff on the factory.

opperkoopman

Takes care of all merchandise. Usually the same person as the Opperhoofd. Supreme authority aboard a VOC ship (until 1742).

ossuarium

Construction in which bones of the deceased are kept.

Synonyms - ossuary
secunde

Head of trade and administration, in fact the second man after the chief factor.